Abstract

Short Communication

The effects of EMF (ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS) on the Bone and Cartilage Tissue

Cemil Sert*

Published: 01 May, 2017 | Volume 1 - Issue 2 | Pages: 054-055

Environmental electromagnetic fields are nowadays available in all environments today. These areas affect the biological system. Controlled interactions with elecrtomagnetic fields can have positive effects when unrestricted interactions have negative effects. Uncontrolled exposure to low-frequency electromagnetic fields can cause adverse effects such as signal transduction in cells and tissues, cell membrane structure, ion channels, molecular interactions, DNA damage. But contrary to controlled exposure, it positively affects tissues. The most obvious example of this is seen in the bone and cartilaginous tissue. Repairing fractures and damage in bone and cartilage. This has been shown in many studies. Below is a summary of the relevant information.

Read Full Article HTML DOI: 10.29328/journal.jnpr.1001007 Cite this Article Read Full Article PDF

References

  1. De Mattei M, Fini M, Setti S, Ongaro A, Gemmati D, et al. Proteoglycan synthesis in bovine articular cartilage explants exposed to different low-frequency low-energy pulsed electromagnetic fields. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2007; 15: 163-168. Ref.: https://goo.gl/hDmnII
  2. De Mattei M, Caruso A, Traina GC, Pezzetti F, Baroni T, et al. Correlation between pulsed electromagnetic fields exposure time and cell proliferation increase in human osteosarcoma cell lines and human normal osteoblast cells in vitro. Bioelectromagnetics. 1999; 20: 177-182. Ref.: https://goo.gl/EzWY6t  
  3. Lohmann CH, Schwartz Z, Liu Y, Guerkov H, Dean DD, et al. Pulsed electromagnetic field stimulation of MG63 osteoblast-like cells affects differentiation and local factor production. J Orthop Res. 2000; 18: 637-646. Ref.: https://goo.gl/pXyY2B
  4. Heermeier K, Spanner M, Trager J, Gradinger R, Strauss PG, et al. Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (EMF) on collagen type I mRNA expression and extracellular matrix synthesis of human osteoblastic cells. Bioelectromagnetics. 1998; 19: 222-231. Ref.: https://goo.gl/LwR9oY
  5. Hartig M, Joos U, Wiesmann HP. Capacitively coupled electric fields accelerate proliferation of osteoblast-like primary cells and increase bone extracellular matrix formation in vitro. Eur Biophys J. 2000; 29: 499-506. Ref.: https://goo.gl/3g0HTL
  6. Thamsborg G, Florescu A, Oturai P, Fallentin E, Tritsaris K, et al. Treatment of knee osteoarthritiswith pulsed electromagnetic fields: a randomized,double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2005; 13: 575-581. Ref.: https://goo.gl/4jZ332
  7. Goldring MB. The role of the chondrocyte in osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2000; 43: 1916-1926. Ref.: https://goo.gl/0rDGJm
  8. A Aron RK, Ciombor DK, Simon BJ. Treatment of nonunions with electric and electromagnetic fields. Clin Orthop. 2004; 419: 21-29. Ref.: https://goo.gl/2sW3k6
  9. Jaberi FM, Keshtgar S, Tavakkoli A, Pishva E, Geramizadeh B, et al. A moderate-intensity static magnetic field enhances repair of cartilage damage in rabbits. Arch Med Res. 2011; 42: 268-273. Ref.: https://goo.gl/Ao001F
  10. Dini L, Abbro L. Bioeffects of moderate-intensity static magnetic fields         on cell cultures. Micron. 2005; 36: 195-217. Ref.: https://goo.gl/25HQ5z
  11. Guo C, Kaufman LJ. Flow and magnetic field induced           collagen alignment. Biomaterials. 2011; 28: 1105-1114. Ref.: https://goo.gl/3rENUr
  12. Meng S, Rouabhia M, Zhang Z. Electrical Stimulation in Tissue Regeneration. 37-62. Ref.: https://goo.gl/nd9yYD

Similar Articles

Recently Viewed

Read More

Most Viewed

Read More