About University Hospital Mohammed VI Marrakech

University Hospital Mohammed VI Marrakech

Articles by University Hospital Mohammed VI Marrakech

Rehabilitation of hearing by cochlear implantation

Published on: 24th July, 2019

OCLC Number/Unique Identifier: 8206594527

Background: Cochlear implants (CI) are nowadays a widely accepted treatment for sensorineural hearing loss SNHL. Aim: This study aimed to describe the epidemiological characteristics and the surgical approach and to evaluate the outcomes of our experience in cochlear implantation. Setting: Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery of University Hospital Mohammed VI Marrakech Morocco. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on 113 patients with severe to profound hearing loss who underwent a cochlear implantation between 2007-2018. Results: There were 65 females and 48 males with severe to profound bilateral deafness, of whom 103 had prelingual deafness. The mean age of pediatric cochlear implantation was 5.25 years. Implantation was unilateral in all patients. The procedure was followed by regular adjustments and speech therapy. The evaluation was carried out by the same team each month during the first 6 months, then every 6 months. The average duration of follow-up was 37.54 months. All patients benefited from their implants with inter individual variability. The good results were correlated with early implantation, significant parental investment and a steady follow-up of speech therapy. Conclusion: Cochlear implantation has revolutionized the management of severe to profound deafness. It is a safe and effective technique when it is aimed at correctly selected populations.
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